Saving energy is becoming increasingly important in the face of climate change and rising costs. But what can you do in practice? We have summarized the most important tips and tricks for you.
Whether you are a renter, landlord or homeowner: With a few simple steps everyone can lower his energy bill. The general savings tips are explained here – they apply regardless of how you live.
In the second part, we have put together special savings options for individual case groups for you: from the renter of the flat, the owner to the homeowner, the renter and the builders to the landlord. Everyone has their own opportunities to save money while doing something for the environment.
How can you save costs immediately?
1. Find devices that consume too much
Start the search for power guzzlers. So you may find on doors and windows places where heat escapes unintentionally. These can be easily sealed with insulation material. With a very high power bill it is worthwhile to analyze these closely and possibly to consult a consultant. He could recommend several things: a new heater, a renewed roof, new windows or an insulation of the cellar ceiling.
- Set your devices correctly
There are also small tricks, but in the long run can save many costs. Make sure that the device settings save as much energy and thus costs. Current test equipment can be lent, for example, at the local municipal utilities.
A jet regulator on the sink and in the kitchen sink also helps. It mixes air into the water jet and thus leads to a uniform, expanded jet. Even the cistern can be saved with small changes money: Use a rinse stop.
- Install the thermostat
You can also save money by adjusting the shower: A thermostat regulates the heat input and prevents additional energy being used to set the temperature.
- Adjust your behavior
When ventilating, the heating should be switched off. Also note the ventilation mode: 30 minutes ventilation with a fully open window corresponds to 90 minutes ventilation with tilted window. In general, small changes in behavior already cause something: it is enough to turn the thermostat by 1 – 1.5 strokes to the right to save energy costs. Normally always turn the tap to the right outside and not to the middle to save on hot water costs.
Always switch off rarely or never used devices properly – the stand-by mode is of little use here, it also consumes energy. But there are still lurking energy traps here. For example, in the so-called “pseudo-out”, a printer still consumes around 75 kWh per year. “Apparent Off” refers to the condition when a device is switched off but continues to consume power. This can be recognized by the quiet hum, a warm power supply or with an ammeter. Therefore, you should either unplug all devices or buy special multi-plug, which you can turn on and off.
A power strip with a switch prevents the device from still drawing power from the power supply while in the off-mode, although you are no longer using the device.
It is best to connect several devices (such as printer, computer and monitor) together to a switchable power strip and switch them off at the touch of a button.
In many households, lighting accounts for a quarter of the total electricity consumption. Here, the purchase of energy-saving lamps is recommended.
What do you do as a renter of an apartment?
Even as a potential renter, you should absolutely insist on your right to inspect the energy certificate. Because the obligation of the landlord to show this, exists only until the rental. Since he only has to show this to you, but you must not necessarily copy him, it is worthwhile to inform yourself before extensively.
What do you do as a renter of a house?
It is recommended to maintain the heat generator. Another point that is often neglected is the circulation pump, which may need to be adjusted, vented or replaced differently. However, you must agree with the landlord.
What to do as a homeowner?
Especially in smaller apartments there is a risk of placing sofas or cabinets unhappy and thus wasting heating energy. Furniture should never stand in front of the heater. Curtains or shutters are good thermal breakers in winter, but they can also unnecessarily block heat dissipation when they are in front of the heater.
What do you do as the owner of a house?
As an owner, you can do a lot.
First, check the exterior lighting. Can you save energy here? Also check that the consumption of water pumps is too high.
There are a number of things that can be done as well:
– Damp the heating pipes.
– Check whether the use of biomass or pellets pays – so they are not dependent on the price fluctuations in the gas.
– Check if you are not eligible for funding.
– Be sure to seek the advice of an energy adviser before investing heavily – such as solar panels. – For multi-family houses, from three or four families, it may be worthwhile to build mini-block heat and power plants. Check this possibility. These generate heating power, in addition, electricity is generated, which in turn can be fed.
What do you do as a builder?
You should get informed in advance. It pays to ask for the energy certificate and to see if it is also implemented by the construction company. Do not hesitate to call in a specialist consultant, for example an engineer. This can, for example, show you insufficient insulation values.
Think about the use of renewable energies. Also get the opinions of neutral advisers to seek advice on funding. Consultants can be found at consumer center builders’ associations and other associations.
During construction, make sure that the windows are in the right position, for example, to make the most of southern sunlight.
When building, pay attention to the right heating system and insulation standards. Incidentally, these help not only in winter to keep the heat in the house, but also in the summer to leave them outside.
What do you do as a landlord?
First of all, the repair of all systems and components is important. Make sure that windows and house doors are sealed, heating pipes are insulated and heating systems are maintained.
You are required to install a proper heater. Therefore, be sure to respond to rental defects. Conversely, the renter is obliged to agree to possible austerity measures.
You have to show the energy certificate to a potential renter. This obligation does not exist after its collection. Regulation or not: It speaks for you, this publicly public – so you can justify an increase in the rent well.
Make use of all funding. Among other things, this will lower your rental costs.